The objective of this study was to determine if tetrapods used to protect ports and coastal structures can act as artificial substrata for seaweed restoration, and if surface roughness influences success.
Site Selection Criteria:
A site was selected near small seaweed beds of Ecklonia cava.
Cause Of Decline:
Kelp forests and Sargassum beds are not only commercially important themselves but also play an important role in spawning, in fish breeding, and as feeding grounds for many species of commercial fish, shellfish and other organisms. In Japan, grazing by sea urchins has led to an increase in the size and abundance of urchin barren grounds.
Settlement of seaweeds on coastal structures
Hydrobiologia, Vol. 204.https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2049-1_39