The objective of this study was to develop new technologies for transplanting kelp seedlings (Ecklonia cava) to artificial reefs in order to reduce costs and improve conservation outcomes by increasing ease and efficiency of restoration. The objective of restoration was to enhance seaweed resources (i.e. bio-energy) and coastal productivity, remove nutrients from seawater and improve the abundance of a commercially important seaweed and the species it supports.
Site Selection Criteria:
The general study site was an area with depths of 6-10m, with well-developed, even rock beds, and a smooth current flow.
Cause Of Decline:
In Korea, barren grounds are expanding due to the destruction of seaweed communities due to overharvesting of commercial seaweeds, overgrazing by marine animals (i.e. urchins, sea slugs and gastropods), and seaweed habitat destruction due to coastal industrialisation and pollution.
Studies on technology for seaweed forest construction and transplanted Ecklonia cava growth for an artificial seaweed reef
Journal of Environmental Biology, Vol. 33.http://jeb.co.in/journal_issues/201209_sep12/paper_21.pdf