This Knowledge Hub brings together useful documents and resources from across the global community who are working to protect and restore kelp forests. Here we provide some of our favorites in the hopes that they will help you in your work.

We have also created a Kelp Restoration Guidebook which chronicles the lessons we've learned from kelp restoration projects undertaken around the world.

Scientific Paper

A field test of porous carbonated blocks used as artificial reef in seaweed beds of Ecklonia cava. SpringerK. Oyamada, M. Tsukidate, Takahashi Watanabe, Isoo T., T. Terawaki, , Nineteenth International Seaweed Symposium.https://doi.org/10.1007/sl0811-008-9332-6

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Scientific Paper

A new approach to the restoration of seaweed beds using Sargassum fulvellumS.M. Jung, J.H. Lee, S.H. Han, W.B. Jeon, G.Y. Kim, J. Lee, , Journal of Applied Phycology.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-020-02054-y

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Scientific Paper

Comparison of Seaweed Transplantation Method to Reduce Grazing Pressure by Sea UrchinC.-W. Kwak, E.-Y. Chung, T.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Son, K.-Y. Park, Y. S., H.G. Choi, , Korean Journal of Nature Conservation, Vol. 8.https://doi.org/10.11624/kjnc.2014.8.1.032

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Scientific Paper

Ecology of seaweed beds on two types of artificial reefC.G. Choi, Y. Takeuchi, T. Terawaki, Y. Serisawa, Masao M., C.H. Sohn, , Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 14.https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022126007684

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Scientific Paper

Ecosystem Flips, Locks, and Feedbacks: the Lasting Effects of Fisheries on Maine's Kelp Forest EcosystemR.S. Steneck, A. Leland, D.C. McNaught, J. Vavrinec, , Bulletin of Marine Science, Vol. 89.https://doi.org/10.5343/bms.2011.1148

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Scientific Paper

Effect of sea urchin human harvest in promoting canopy forming algae restorationL. Piazzi, G. Ceccherelli, , Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol. 219.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2019.02.028

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Scientific Paper

Effectiveness of Iron Fertilization for Seaweed Bed Restoration in Coastal AreasM. Yamamoto, T. Kato, S. Kanayama, K. Nakase, N. Tsutsumi, , Journal of Water and Environment Technology, Vol. 15.https://doi.org/10.2965/jwet.16-080

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Scientific Paper

Enhancement of Saccharina kelp production by nutrient supply in the Sea of Japan off southwestern Hokkaido, JapanY. Agatsuma, H. Endo, S. Yoshida, C. Ikemori, Fujishima Takeuchi, K. Taniguchi, , Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 26.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-013-0196-z

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Scientific Paper

Establishment of intertidal seaweed beds of Sargassum thunbergii through habitat creation and germling seedingY.Q. Yu, Q.S. Zhang, Y.Z. Tang, S. B., Z.C. Lu, S.H. Chu, X.X. Tang, , Ecological Engineering, Vol. 44.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.03.016

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Scientific Paper

Evaluation of repopulation techniques for the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales)X. Vasquez, A. Gutierrez, A.H. Buschmann, R. Flores, D. Farias, P. Leal, , Botanica Marina, Vol. 57.https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2014-0005

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Scientific Paper

Green gravel: a novel restoration tool to combat kelp forests declineS. Fredriksen, K. Filbee-Dexter, K.M. Norderhaug, H. Steen, T. Bodvin, M.A. Coleman, F. Moy, T. Wernberg, , Scientific Reports.https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60553-x

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Scientific Paper

Installing kelp forests/seaweed beds for mitigation and adaptation against global warming: Korean Project OverviewI.K. Chung, J.H. Oak, J.A. Lee, Kim Shin, J. G., K.S. Park, , ICES Journal of Marine Science, Vol. 70.https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fss206

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Scientific Paper

Large-scale sea urchin culling drives the reduction of subtidal barren grounds in the Mediterranean SeaG. Guarnieri, S. Bevilacqua, N. Figueras, L. Tamburello, S. Fraschetti, , Frontiers in Marine Science, Vol. 7, p.519.https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00519

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Scientific Paper

Macrobenthic community establishment on artificial reefs with Macrocystis pyrifera over barren-ground and soft-bottom habitatsL. Campos, M. Ortiz, F.A. Rodríguez-Zaragoza, R. Oses, , Global Ecology and Conservation, Vol. 23, p.1184.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01184

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Scientific Paper

Recovery of Danish Coastal Ecosystems After Reductions in Nutrient Loading: A Holistic Ecosystem Approach.Bo Riemann, Jacob Carstensen, Karsten Dahl, Henrik Fossing, Jens W. Hansen, Hans H. Jakobsen, Alf B. Josefson, Dorte Krause-Jensen, Stiig Markager, Peter A. Stæhr, Karen Timmermann, Jørgen Windolf, Jesper H. Andersen, , Estuaries and Coasts.https://doi.org/10.1007/s12237-015-9980-0

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Scientific Paper

Repopulation techniques for Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae: Laminariales) in Atacama, ChileR. Westermeier, P. Murua, D.J. Patino, L. Munoz, C. Atero, D. Muller, , Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 26.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-013-0069-5

Scientific Paper

Resilience and stability of kelp forests: The importance of patch dynamics and environment-engineer feedbacksC. Layton, V. Shelamoff, M.J. Cameron, M. Tatsumi, J.T. Wright, C.R. Johnson, , PloS one, Vol. 14, p.210220.https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0210220

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Scientific Paper

Restoration of Northern California Bull Kelp Forests- A Partnership Based Approach, Ward, M., McHugh, T.A.., Elsmore, K., Esgro, M., Ray, J., Murphy-Cannella, M., Norton, I. and Freiwald, J. Restoration of North Coast Bull Kelp Forests: A Partnership Based Approach. Reef Check Foundation, Marine del Rey, CA, April 2022.https://www.opc.ca.gov/webmaster/ftp/pdf/agenda_items/20220614/Item5_Exhibit_A_Mendocino_County_Kelp_Forest_Restoration_Project_final_report.pdf

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Scientific Paper

Restoration of a Canopy-Forming Alga Based on Recruitment Enhancement: Methods and Long-Term Success AssessmentJ. Verdura, M. Sales, E. Ballesteros, M.E. Cefali, E. Cebrian, , Frontiers in Plant Science, Vol. 9.https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01832

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Scientific Paper

Restoration of the bull kelp Nereocystis luetkeana in nearshore rocky habitatsL.T. Carney, J.R. Waaland, T. Klinger, K. Ewing, , Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 302.https://doi.org/10.3354/meps302049

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Scientific Paper

Seaweed resources of KoreaE.K. Hwang, H.G. Choi, J.K. Kim, , Botanica Marina, Vol. 63.https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2020-0007

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Scientific Paper

Settlement of seaweeds on coastal structuresA. Watanuki, A. Yamamoto, , Hydrobiologia, Vol. 204.https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2049-1_39

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Scientific Paper

Studies on breeding of Sargassum vachellianum on artificial reefs in Gouqi Island, ChinaZ.Y. Chai, Y.Z. Huo, Q. He, X.W. Huang, X.P. Jiang, P.M. He, , Aquaculture, Vol. 424.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2013.12.038

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Scientific Paper

Towards Restoration of Missing Underwater ForestsA.H. Campbell, E.M. Marzinelli, A. Verges, M.A. Coleman, P.D. Steinberg, , Plos One, Vol. 9.https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084106

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Scientific Paper

Use of fertilized molten slags to create Sargassum forests in subtropical shallow watersD. Fujita, R. Ma, S. Akita, M. Kobayashi, Y. Hayakawa, T. Miyatani, Y. Yamahira, , Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 29.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-017-1078-6

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Scientific Paper

Using genomics to optimise and evaluate the performance of underwater forest restorationWood G., Marzinelli E.M., Vergés A., Campbell A.H., Steinberg P.D., Coleman M.A, , Journal of Applied Ecology.https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13707

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